This photo of the view of the Delaware river from the upstairs sitting room is from the same location as my photo in a previous post. The previous post is located in “Back in Time, Pennsbury Manor in Morrisville, Pa.” In the photo, I am standing beside two rows of trees behing the Manor.
25 Mar 2009 1 Comment
09 Mar 2009 2 Comments
Yesterday, Charter Day was celebrated at Pennsbury Manor along the Delaware River, created by William Penn, the founder of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania.
For me, I found it to be a beautiful day to see all of the volunteers dressed in period costume and performing the trades that were needed to operate this settlement on its own.
There was a woodworker, a small building for smoking meats, two separate buildings immediately next to Pennsbury Manor for cooking and baking all of the food on a fireplace hearth. This was demonstrated by two women yesterday. A chicken was roasted, small cookies on a small iron skillet on a separate area with hot coals put underneath on the hearth. The two women in period dress were standing at a table displaying the food they had cooked and every few minutes turned around to stoke the fire and turn the food that they were cooking from recipes from that time period.
There was a kitchen garden, with raised beds, and brick walkways. There was a round brick cistern, that held 500 gallons of water and a 2 gallon pale inside. The people of this time made many trips fetching water from the river to fill it. This water was not relied upon the drink, and that children and men drank wine, beer or ale.
There were several barns and the animals that I saw were two black oxen, a horse, and a blue peacock; there were other animals in the barn, but I did not go inside.
I will post photos on another date.
The date that King Charles of England signed the original charter was March 4, 1681. William Penn drafted a charter of liberties for the settlement; free and fair trial by jury, freedom of religion, freedom from unjust imprisonment and free elections.
Penn first called the area “New Wales” and then “Sylvania” ,(Latin for forest or woods). which Charles changed to” Pennsylvania”, in honor of the elder Penn.
The Founding of Pennsylvania:
There had been a mass emigration of English Quakers to North America.
In 1677, a group of prominent Quakers that included Penn purchased the colonial province of West New Jersey (half the curent state of New Jersey). George Fox, the founder of the Quakers made a journey to North America to verify the potential of expansion of early Quaker settlements. In 1682, East New Jersey was also purchased by the Quakers. With New Jersey strongly in place, Penn pressed his case to extend the Quaker settlement. The King granted an extraordinary charter which made Penn the world’s largest private landowner, 45,000 square miles ( 120,000 km2). Penn became proprietor of a huge tract of land south of New Jersey and New York, and north of Maryland (which belonged to Lord Baltimore) and gained sovereign rule of the territory with all rights and privileges( except the right to declare war).
The land of Pennsylvania had belonged to the Duke of York, who acquiesced, but he retained New York and the area around New Castle and the eastern portion of the Delaware peninsula. In exchange, one fithe of all the gold and silver mined (there was none) was to be returned to the King and the Crown was freed of a debt to the Admiral of 16,000.
Below are some photos of the volunteers at Pennsbury Manor demonstrating the skills and way of life during that time period . Pennsbury Manor is located in picturesque Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
400 Pennsbury Memorial Road
Morrissville, Pa 10967